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Transnational Issues

Disputes – international

Kenya served as an important mediator in brokering Sudan's north-south separation in February 2005; Kenya provides shelter to almost a quarter of a million refugees, including Ugandans who flee across the border periodically to seek protection from Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralists; the boundary that separates Kenya's and Sudan's sovereignty is unclear in the "Ilemi Triangle," which Kenya has administered since colonial times.

Refugees and internally displaced persons

refugees (country of origin): 150,459 (Somalia), 76,646 (Sudan), 14,862 (Ethiopia)

IDPs: 431,150 (KANU attacks on opposition tribal groups in 1990s) (2006)

Trafficking in persons

Kenya is a source, transit and destination country for men, women and children trafficked for forced labour and sexual exploitation – children are trafficked within the country for domestic servitude, street vending, agricultural labour and sexual exploitation; men, women and girls are trafficked to the Middle East, other African nations, Western Europe and North America for domestic servitude, enslavement in massage parlors and brothels and manual labour. Chinese women trafficked for sexual exploitation reportedly transit Nairobi and Bangladeshis may transit Kenya for forced labour in other countries.

Illicit drugs

There's widespread harvesting of small plots of marijuana; transit country for South Asian heroin destined for Europe and North America; Indian methaqualone also transits on way to South Africa; significant potential for money-laundering activity given the country's status as a regional financial centre; massive corruption and relatively high levels of narcotics-associated activities.





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